You know good dental habits can help prevent things like cavities and gingivitis, but you may not know what conditions like these really look like or how they can affect your mouth. Use this visual guide to learn more about some of the most common dental health issues, symptoms to watch for and the potential treatments that are available.

Please note: This content is for informational purposes only. Only a dentist, physician or other qualified health care professional can make a diagnosis.


Abscess Tooth – When the nerve of a tooth becomes infected or abscessed, root canal therapy is the only way to save an abscess tooth. A tooth can become an abscess as a result of deep decay, a cracked tooth, or trauma to the tooth.

Broken Tooth – Teeth are remarkably strong, but a broken tooth is not uncommon. A broken tooth is a cosmetic dental problem, but it can also be an emergency. Broken and knocked out teeth require immediate attention.

Bruxism – Bruxism is the technical name for teeth grinding, clenching the jaw, or the “lock jaw” that sometimes happens to people as they sleep or concentrate. Bruxism can cause severe side effects to your temporomandibular joints (TMJ) and to your teeth.

Cavities – A cavity is something you never want your Austin TX dentist to say. If you are not brushing and flossing regularly or drinking and eating sugar-heavy foods, your risk for a cavity can be quite high. We’re here to help reverse the damage from a cavity or tooth decay.

Crooked Teeth –  Crooked teeth can be embarrassing, but they can also be more than just a cosmetic problem. For instance, they can make it difficult to chew properly, and they can lead to injury because they do not provide proper support for your jaw.

Dry Mouth – Everybody gets a dry mouth from time to time. Temporary mouth dryness can be brought on by dehydration, stress, or simply the normal reduction in saliva flow at night. But persistent mouth dryness, a condition known as xerostomia, is cause for concern.

Gum Disease – Gum disease, also know as periodontal disease, begins as gingivitis, then processes to periodontitis and then to advanced periodontitis.

Halitosis – Halitosis – or chronic bad breath – is something that mints, mouthwash or a good brushing can’t solve. Unlike “morning breath” or a strong smell that lingers after a tuna sandwich, halitosis remains for an extended amount of time and may be a sign of something more serious.

Periodontitis – Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis is common but largely preventable

Sensitive Teeth – Sensitive teeth are typically the result of worn tooth enamel or exposed tooth roots. Sometimes, however, tooth discomfort is caused by other factors, such as a cavity, a cracked or chipped tooth, a worn filling, or gum disease.

Toothache – Toothache or tooth pain is caused when the nerve root of a tooth is irritated. Dental (tooth) infection, decay, injury, or loss of a tooth are the most common causes of toothache. Read about toothache pain, causes, treatments, and remedies.

Tooth Decay – Tooth decay is caused by a variety of things; in medical terms, cavities are called caries, which are caused by long-term destructive forces acting on tooth structures such as enamel and the tooth’s inner dentin material.



Austin Cosmetic Dentistry and Tejas Patel, DDS offer cosmetic, restorative, preventative, and implant dentistry, integrated with a personalized approach to meet your dental needs in Austin, Texas.

Your confidence and beauty will increase when your smile is at its best. Read on to discover what your Austin dentist can do for you!

All rights reserved 2022

Blog | Photos by TJ Creative | Website By